Stages in a person’s education (UK System)
- Crèche: first stage in a person’s education; a place where very young children start their education, where they mostly play but also do some early learning activities.
- Nursery school: school for young children.
- Primary school: between the age of five and eleven, where children learn the basics of reading, writing, arithmetic etc…
- Secondary school: institution which provides secondary education. It’s when students enter a comprehensive school or a more traditional grammar school (to which they gain admission by sitting an exam).
- Comprehensive school: there is no selection test for this kind of school.
- Public schools: in UK are in fact private, fee-paying schools.
- Sixth form college: institution, where students from 16 to 18 study for high-level qualifications.
- College: teacher-training college.
- Degree: university qualification normally lasting three years.
- Diploma: high school or further education diploma.
- Further education: higher education at university or college.
- To take / do / sit an exam: to participate in an exam.
- To resit an exam: take it again if you did badly the first time.
- To pass an exam / do well: you get a high grade.
- To fail an exam: you don’t get the minimum grade.
- To skip classes / lectures: miss deliberately.
- Continuous assessment: students are periodically tested and assessed in order to evaluate how they are doing.
- Projects: pieces of planned work finished over a period of time.
- To graduate / become a graduate: to finish university.
- Graduation ceremony: official occasion where students become graduates. Parents and friends can attend.
- Field: area of study.
- Post-graduate courses: courses you can attend after your graduation, such as a Master’s degree or PhD.
- Master’s degree: a course done after Bachelor’s.
- PhD: specialisation in a certain field after having acquired Master’s.
Types of classes in higher education
- Lecture: generally when a professor at university gives a lecture in front of an audience (students) where students can also ask questions.
- Seminar: it is when a small group of students meet at university with a teacher to discuss a particular topic.
- Workshop: like a seminar but longer and with interactive activities.
- Tutorial: where a teacher gives instructions to a student or a very small group of students (eg two students).
- LMS: Learning Management System; computer system that controls all aspects of teaching and learning.
- Distance learning: without attending classes (eg from home).
- Blended learning: using a mix of classroom and online learning.
- To monitor students’ activities and progress*: check regularly.
- To submit work: send / give work to the teacher.
*progress is uncountable.
Talking about education: titles and common questions
- Professor: senior university academic who is a well-known specialist in his/her subject.
- Lecturers or tutors: university and college teachers.
- Compulsory education: which you must do, by law.
- Grants: money to pay for fees, accommodation, etc. (Do students get grants for further education?).
- School-leaving age: by law, the age at which a person can leave school.
- To pass an exam: (I passed all my exams and graduated in 2010).
NOT I succeed at/in all my exams.
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