Intellectual abilities: ability
- Intelligent: having intelligence and mental capacity.
- Bright: intelligent.
- Clever: having the capacity to learn and understand things quickly.
- Sharp: a person who notices things quickly.
- Shrewd: being able to understand a situation and gain advantage from it.
- Able: good at what you do.
- Gifted: to have a special ability in something.
- Talented: to have an ability or skill.
- Brainy (colloquial): clever and smart.
Intellectual abilities: lacking ability
- Stupid: silly or showing little intelligence.
- Foolish: being stupid and unwise.
- Half-witted: unintelligent.
- Simple: common and ordinary.
- Silly: lacking thought and showing poor judgement.
- Brainless (colloquial): stupid; lacking intelligence.
- Daft (colloquial): silly; stupid.
- Dumb (colloquial): stupid, lacking good judgment.
- Dim (colloquial): being slow in understanding something.
Clever in a negative way, using brains to trick or deceive
- Cunning: being so clever that you can get what you want even by tricking people.
- Crafty: clever in a dishonest way.
- Sly: a person who is sneaky and deceives people.
Attitudes towards life
- Optimistic: looking at the bright side of things and expecting a favourable outcome.
- Pessimistic: always considering the glass half-empty.
- Extroverted: friendly and outgoing.
- Introverted: a person who is shy and focused on his/her own thoughts and feelings.
- Tense: feeling stressed out or wound up for example after a busy day at work (I feel very tense / wound up / stressed out after a very busy day at work).
- Wound-up: very worried and nervous.
- Relaxed: not worried; without any kind of stress.
- Sensible: having good judgement; practical.
- Down-to-earth: practical and realistic.
- Sensitive: easily affected by things, situations, other factors or having emotional sensibility and taking care of the feelings of others.
- Worked-up: very upset.
- Sociable / Gregarious (more common in written English): enjoying others’ company.
- Quarrelsome / Argumentative: disagreeing with others.
- Cruel / Sadistic: taking pleasure in others’ pain.
- Easy-going / Even-tempered / Laid-back (more common in spoken English): relaxed in attitude to self and others.
- Impolite / Rude / Ill-mannered / Discourteous: (more common in written English: not polite to others.
- Honest / Trustworthy / Reliable / Sincere: telling the truth to others.
- Jealous / Envious: unhappy if others have what one does not have oneself.
Positive and negative words
- Determined: obstinate in a positive way.
- Thrifty: frugal, careful with money.
- Economical: using the minimum required.
- Self-assured: to be sure of oneself.
- Confident: believing in oneself.
- Unconventional: not ordinary in a positive way.
- Original: not common. A person who thinks and behaves in an original way.
- Frank: direct.
- Open: honest and frank.
- Direct: saying things directly in a honest way.
- Broad-minded: open, tolerant and respecting other people’s views and opinions.
- Enquiring (more common in written English): questioning to seek information.
- Generous: kind, willing to share with people what one’s have and help people.
- Innocent: pure.
- Ambitious: eagerly willing to reach specific goals, achieve success, power.
- Assertive: determined and confident.
- Obstinate: unreasonably determined.
- Stubborn: not willing to change one’s opinion and behaviour; determined in what a person is doing refusing to change.
- Pig-headed: stupidly stubborn.
- Stingy: a person who does not want to spend money.
- Mean: a person who is not willing to share things and money.
- Tight-fisted: ungenerous with money.
- Miserly (more common in written English): typical of a miser; not generous with money.
- Self-important: a person with a high opinion of himself.
- Arrogant: being too much proud of himself.
- Full of oneself (more common in spoken English): self-assured in a negative way.
- Eccentric: unusual person.
- Odd: strange, different from what is expected.
- Peculiar: unusual and distinct from others.
- Weird (more common in spoken English): strange, different from usual.
- Blunt: direct but being impolite and not considering other people’s feelings.
- Abrupt: brusque in manner.
- Curt: very quick in manner and speech.
- Brusque: quick in manner resulting in being rude.
- Unprincipled: without moral principles.
- Permissive: allowing behaviours which are generally disapproved.
- Inquisitive: enquiring in a way you can annoy people.
- Noisy (more common in spoken English): annoyingly curious about other people’s facts.
- Extravagant: exaggerated.
- Naïve: innocent.
- Pushy (more common in spoken English): insistent in asking in trying to get something.
- Aggressive: being angry and violent with people.
- Bossy (more common in spoken English): a person who always tells people what to do.
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